Table of Contents
III. Inspector Nation Board, members
IV. Board Powers and Responsibilities
V. Ownership Responsibility
VI. Membership Requirements
VII. Duties of the Inspector Nation Home Inspector Member
IX. Standards of Practice
Supplemental A: Pre-Dry Wall
Revision 11; 1999 to 2018
Inspector Nation Home Inspection Standards of Practice
This document was written to provide a standard of practice for home inspectors that perform home inspections in regions or states that do not regulate the use of the title “Home Inspector” and or “Professional Home Inspector” and to enhance existing state standards of practices established by state licensure acts. The goal of this standard of practice is to clearly define the scope and limitations of a home inspection.
1. Board. – The Inspector Nation Board
2. Home inspection. – A written evaluation of two or more of the following components of a residential building: heating system, cooling system, plumbing system, electrical system, structural components, foundation, roof, exterior, and or interior components.
3. Home inspector. – A home inspector also referred to as member or inspector who has satisfied the membership requirements of Inspector Nation.
4. Residential building. –A building that contains at least one kitchen, one full bathroom, and one habitable living/sleeping area. A building that is intended to be, or that is in fact, used as a residence by one or more individuals.
III. Inspector Nation Board, members
1. Membership. – The Inspector Nation Board shall be composed of at least four members. The members must meet all of the following qualifications;
1) A public member who has never conducted a home inspection or held a home inspection license.
2) Two home inspectors, one of whom must have at least 15 years of experience actively inspecting.
3) A licensed general contractor
4) A professional engineer
5) A professional member with a doctorate level education in engineering or a related field
6) A real estate or legal professional
IV. Board Powers and Responsibilities
1. Meetings. – The Board shall hold at least three regular meetings each year as provided by rules adopted by the Board. The Board may hold additional meetings upon the call of any two Board members. A majority of the Board membership constitutes a quorum.
2. General. – The Board has the power to do all of the following:
1) Examine and determine the qualifications and fitness of applicants for membership
2) Adopt and publish a code of ethics and standard of practice for members.
3) Issue, renew, deny, revoke, and suspend memberships under this document.
4) Conduct investigations, hold membership hearings, request records, to ensure that membership quality.
5) Employ professional, clerical, investigative, or special personnel necessary to carry out the provisions of this document.
6) Purchase or rent office space, equipment, and supplies necessary to carry out the provisions of this document
7) Adopt a seal by which it shall authenticate its proceedings, official records, and memberships.
8) Establish education requirements for membership.
9) Establish continuing education requirements for membership renewal.
10) Create and implement rules to maintain and establish quality membership.
V. Ownership Responsibility
1. Gregory Enterprises, The Home Inspection Training Center, Inspector Nation, The Board and or all of the associated owners and employees cannot guarantee that every member, home inspector or person who claims to be a home inspector will follow guidelines as presented and therefore cannot be held responsible for any actions or failures of the said home inspector or organization member. Gregory Enterprises, The Home Inspection Training Center, Inspector Nation, The Board and or all of the associated owners and employees make every effort to assure that certified member present evidence of knowledge of the membership and or individual identified certification, however, assume no liability related to the negligence, error, omission or performance of the members, home inspectors or person who claims to be a home inspector.
VI. Membership Requirements
1) Meet two of the following three conditions:
a. Have a high school diploma or its equivalent and satisfactorily complete an education program approved by the Board. The program must be completed within four years of the date the applicant submits an application for licensure under this section.
b. Be licensed for at least six months as a home inspector by a State recognized by the Board.
c. Have completed at least 500 home inspections for compensation.
d. Have successfully completed an examination presented by the Board.
e. Have education and experience the Board considers to be equivalent to listed requirements
2) Membership. – Upon compliance with the conditions of membership under this section, to be eligible to be a member an applicant must meet all of the insurance requirements of this subsection.
a. General liability insurance in the amount of two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000), which insurance may be individual coverage or coverage under an employer policy, with coverage parameters established by the Board.
b. One of the following:
a. Minimum net assets in an amount determined by the Board, which amount may not be less than five thousand dollars $5,000.
b. A bond in an amount determined by the Board, which amount may not be less than five thousand dollars $5,000.
c. Errors and omissions insurance in the amount of two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000), which insurance may be individual coverage or coverage under an employer policy, with coverage parameters established by the Board.
d. Evidence of licensure in a State that has insurance or net assets requirements that meets or exceed requirements of this section.
3) The Board may deny or refuse to issue or renew a membership, may suspend or revoke a membership, or may impose probationary conditions on a member if the member has engaged in any of the following conduct:
a. Employed fraud, deceit, or misrepresentation in obtaining or attempting to obtain or renew a membership
b. Committed an act of malpractice, gross negligence, or incompetence in the practice of home inspections.
c. Engaged in conduct that could result in harm or injury to the public.
d. Been convicted of or pled guilty or nolo contendere to any misdemeanor involving moral turpitude or to any felony.
e. Been adjudicated incompetent.
f. Engaged in any act or practice that violates any of the provisions of this document or any rule issued by the Board, or aided, abetted, or assisted any person in a violation of any of the provisions of this document
g. Failed to maintain general liability insurance.
h. Failed to main State Licensure or other credentials used to obtain membership.
i. Had State Home Inspection or other professional licensed revoked or suspended
4) Members must report Criminal Convictions and Disciplinary Actions. – A member who is convicted of any felony or misdemeanor or is disciplined by any governmental agency or Board in connection with any other professional membership, any occupational or professional license shall file with the Board a written report of the conviction or disciplinary action within 30 days of the final judgment, order, or disposition of the case.
VII. Duties of the Inspector Nation Home Inspector Member
1) Home Inspection Report. – The member must give to each person for whom the inspector performs a home inspection a written report of the home inspection. The home inspector must give the person the report by the date set in a written agreement by the parties to the home inspection. If the parties to the home inspection did not agree on a date in a written agreement, the member must give the person the report within three business days after the inspection was performed. In the event of an emergency or event out of the control of the member, the delivery of the report can be delayed as long as the parties to the home inspection are notified prior to the original report deadline.
2) Summary Page. – A written report for a home inspection must include a summary page that contains the information as described in this section. All other subject matters pertaining to the home inspection must appear in the body of the report. The summary page should contain a statement that reminds the parties to the home inspection to read the entire report. The statement should also remind the parties to the home inspection that the subject of negotiability of any item in the report should be referred to a Real Estate Agent or an Attorney.
i. The summary page must describe in writing:
a) any system or component of the home that does not function as intended, allowing for normal wear and tear that does not prevent the system or component from functioning as intended including safety hazards.
b) any system or component that presented tangible evidence of a concern during the inspection to prevent the confirmation of “functioning as intended”. This system would be considered as “appears not to function as intended” and or that requires subsequent examination, further investigation, and or evaluation by a specialist.
c) The summary page may describe any system or component that poses a concern to the home inspector such as a safety concern, such as a statement to remind the client of a system upgrade or improvement that would improve overall client safety.
ii. State Building Codes. – A member should avoid reporting a deficiency using the wording “a violation of a building Code or building code violation or code violation”. If a member includes a deficiency in the written report of a home inspection that is stated specifically as a violation of a building code, the member should do all of the following:
a) Consult Local and State agencies and licensing boards to ensure that current statutes do not prevent a home inspector from reporting deficiencies as “Code Violations”. Follow all State guidelines.
b) Determine and report the date of construction, renovation, and any subsequent installation of each system or component of the home thought to be in violation.
c) Identify the building code through the local code enforcement agency that was enforced at the time of construction, renovation, subsequent installation or replacement of each system or component of the home thought to be in violation.
d) Identify the deficient system or component, describe the system or component, state the implication of each identified code violation, direct the client to the appropriate licensed professional for verification and correction of the assumed violation.
|Standard of Practice defined terms Subsection 8-A|
|a) Abnormal||Without regard to age and only considering the intended function of a system or component, A condition that is not considered as a sign of the normal operation of a system or a component, therefore can be considered as tangible evidence that the system or component is not currently functioning as intended or has had a history of not functioning as intended. Damaging to the systems of the house, abnormal should not be used or interpreted as “Abnormal” concerning health related concerns, or suitability for habitability.|
|b) Automatic safety controls||Devices designed and installed to protect systems and components from excessively high or low pressures and temperatures, excessive electrical current, loss of water, loss of ignition, fuel leaks, fire, freezing, or other unsafe conditions.|
|c) Central air conditioning:||A system that uses ducts to distribute cooled or dehumidified air to more than one room or uses pipes to distribute chilled water to heat exchangers in more than one room, and that is not plugged into an electrical convenience outlet.|
|d) Component:||A readily accessible and observable aspect of a system, such as a floor, or wall, but not individual pieces such as boards or nails where many similar pieces make up the component.|
|e) Cosmetic damage:||Superficial blemishes or defects that do not interfere with the functionality of the component or system.|
|f) Cross connection:||Any physical connection between potable water and any source of contamination.|
|g) Dangerous or adverse situations:||Situations that pose a threat of injury to the inspector, or those situations that require the use of special protective clothing or safety equipment other than standard coveralls, gloves, and safety glasses.|
|h) D.D.I.D||A report writing format that describes a system and or component that does not function as intended or a system and or component that appears not to function as intended. The statement should describe the system or component, state how the condition is defective; explain the implications of conditions listed; and direct the client to a course of action for repair, further investigation by a specialist, or subsequent observation;|
|i) Describe:||Report in writing a system or component by its type, or other inspected characteristics, to distinguish it from other systems or components used for the same purpose. The descriptions are focused on the subject house and not intended to distinguish systems and components from properties other than the subject property.|
|j) Dismantle:||To take apart or remove any component, device or piece of equipment that is bolted, screwed, or fastened by other means and that would not be dismantled by a homeowner in the course of normal household maintenance|
|k) Enter:||To go into an area to inspect all visible components without moving or modifying the surroundings of the area except for opening an access door.|
|l) Functioning as intended:||A system that when inspected or operated during the home inspection presented no recognizable tangible evidence that would cause the inspector to come to the conclusion that an obvious visual defect or deficiency is present. This does not include tangible evidence that could be discovered by a specialist such as an engineer during an invasive inspection, and or a technically exhaustive evaluation.|
|m) Functional drainage:||A drain that empties in a reasonable amount of time and does not overflow when an adjacent fixture is drained simultaneously.|
|n) Functional flow:||A reasonable flow at the highest fixture in a dwelling when another fixture is operated simultaneously. Functional flow is judged based on a flow of water that appears to visibly fill at least 40 percent of the fixture opening.|
|o) Habitable space:||A space in a building for living, sleeping, eating or cooking. A habitable space is not a bathroom, toilet room, closet, or any space used or designed for storage.|
|p) Harmful:||Damaging to the systems of the house, harmful should not be used or interpreted as “harmful” concerning health related concerns, or suitability for habitability.|
|q) Inspect:||The act of making a visual examination.|
|r) Installed:||Attached or connected such that an item requires tools for removal.|
|s) Normal operating controls:||Homeowner operated devices such as a thermostat, wall switch, or safety switch.|
|t) On-site water supply quality:||Water quality is based on bacterial, chemical, mineral, and solids content of the water. Water quality may also include an assessment of odor and color.|
|u) On-site water quantity:||The rate of flow of on-site well, water supply pressure, or flow rate.|
|v) Operate:||To cause a system or piece of equipment to operate in a manner that was intended for the function of the system and or component.|
|w) Readily accessible||Approachable or enterable for visual inspection without the risk of personal danger, damage to any property or alteration of the accessible space, equipment, or opening.|
|x) Readily openable access panel||A panel that the inspector can identify as a panel intended by the manufacturer for homeowner inspection and maintenance that has removable or operable fasteners or latch devices in order to be lifted off, swung open, or otherwise removed by one person; and its edges and fasteners are not sealed, taped, or painted in place. This definition is limited to non-service type panels and panels within normal reach or from a four-foot stepladder, and that are not taped, sealed, blocked by stored items, furniture, or building components.|
|y) Readily visible:||Seen by using natural or artificial light without moving personal property or the use of equipment or tools other than a standard flashlight.|
|z) Representative number:||For multiple identical components such as windows and electrical outlets, one such component per room; and, for multiple identical exterior components, one such component on each side of the building. Windows of all shapes, styles, or size are considered as identical components.|
|aa) Roof drainage systems:||Gutters, downspouts, leaders, splash block, and system and or components used to carry water off a roof and away from a building.|
Visual evidence related to a condition, an object, or an event whose presence indicates the probable presence of another condition or the probable occurrence of another event
|cc) Shut down:||
A piece of equipment or a system which cannot be operated by the device or
control that a homeowner should normally use to operate it. If its safety switch or
circuit breaker is in the “off” position, or its fuse is missing or blown, the inspector is
not required to reestablish the circuit for the purpose of operating or inspecting.
dd) Solid fuel heating device:
|Any wood, coal, or other similar organic fuel burning device, including fireplaces whether masonry or factory built, fireplace inserts and stoves, wood stoves (room heaters), central furnaces, and combinations of these devices|
|ee) Structural component:||
A component that supports non-variable forces or weights (dead loads) and
variable forces or weights (live loads).
ff) Structural Component Inspection
|A visual inspection of a structural component or structural system during a home inspection without consideration for adequacy, design, sizing, code compliance, or feasibility of use.|
|gg) System:||A combination of interacting or interdependent components, assembled to carry out one or more functions.|
|hh) Tangible Evidence:||Evidence that can be documented by a written description. The documentation would describe an observation, a procedure, or a sign|
|ii) Technically exhaustive:||
An inspection involving the use of measurements, instruments, testing,
calculations, and other means to develop scientific or engineering findings,
conclusions, and recommendations to gather tangible evidence.
The inspector is not required to use technically exhaustive methods to make
determinations of functioning as intended.
jj) Under floor crawl space:
|The area within the confines of the foundation and between the ground and the underside of the lowest floor structural component.|